Ernst Haeckel (DE), Adolf Giltsch
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Dictyophora. / Basimycetes. – Schwammpilze.

Lithograph by Ernst Haeckel and Adolf Giltsch

Plate 63 from Kunstformen der Natur.
This is one of the 100 pop science biology illustrations that were published from 1899 – 1904 in Leipzig by Ernst Haeckel through Verlag des Bibliographischen Instituts.

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Translation of the original German introduction by Ernst Haeckel:

Phylum of Fungi or Mycetes (Pilze); - class of Basimycetes or Basidiomycetes (Schwammpilze); - legion of Autobasidii (Hymenialpilze).
The highly variable phylum of real fungi is formed by metazoan Thallus-plants that are distinguished from other Thallophyta by a lack of Chlorophyll and its related ‘plasmophageous’ metabolism; like animals they feed on organic substances received from other organisms. The phylum divides into two classes, ‘tube fungi’ and ‘sponge fungi’; both proliferate by asexually produced gametes or spores. The majority of ‘sponge fungi’ are the big, well-known Hymenomycetes (‘mushrooms with a cap’). Besides, two small, peculiar orders belong here: Gastromycetes (‘belly-mushrooms’, fig. 10) and the closely related Phallomycetes (‘twig-mushrooms’, fig. 1-9). The peculiar fruiting body (Sporothecium) of the latter is initially showing a simple ovoid shape, cupped into a firm fruit capsule (Peridium). This cover remains at the base as a semispherical vulva (Volva), on top usually as one split into lopes, once the growing ‘fruit carrier’ (Receptaculum) has broken through the top. The latter is clathrate when belonging to the family of Clathracei (‘grill-mushrooms’, fig. 3-9), composed of brachiate bars with their interior housing the spore mass (Gleba). The fruiting body of Phallacei (‘phallus-mushrooms’, fig. 1, 2), on the other hand, forms a strong, hollow, cylindrical cone carrying an acorn or a small cap on top; spore mass is seated on the outer surface of this cap.

Translation by VR Translators Bangalore

We've scanned the original lithography at 1200dpi on the Epson A3 scanner of A3 scanner huren. You can download a 400dpi JPEG here.