Sophie Throsby

How to: Podcast

Here you can read or listen to how you can record a podcast to contribute to the Invisible Collection.

With:
How to: Record podcast
How to: Tell podcast

Preparation:

Tools

  • sound recording device (e.g. a telephone)
  • headphones
  • computer with an editing program
  • a tripod if available 

Space

The ideal space is small, quiet, has a carpet and / or wooden floors, and has a lot of stuff.

Why are these criteria important?

When you record sound in a large open space, there is room for reverberation. You will notice that you will hear an echo on the recording. A large open space increases the chance of a colder sound and background noise. Lots of stuff and rugs will absorb any background noise. When finding the right space, it is useful to make test recordings.

Sound quality

You know the quality is good if you feel that when you listen to the podcast the reader is in the same room as you are telling. The sound errors you want to avoid are electronic noise, room reflections (echoes from the recording room), microphone touch, unwanted sounds such as people talking in the background, pop sounds (when the mouth is too close to the microphone) and a loud “s” .

Examples:

Good recording of Flap Flap with a TASCAM recording device

Good recording of Flap Flap with an IPhone

 

When you listen to the above sound clips you will notice that it sounds intimate and natural. It's like sitting next to the speaker.

Too close recording of Flap Flap

If you listen to this, you will notice that there are too many high frequencies in it and that many sound errors can be heard. This is because the microphone is too close to the speaker's mouth.  

Too Far Away recording of Flap Flap

If you listen to this fragment you will notice that there is more noise than others. The voice does not sound right if you listen carefully. This is because the microphone is too far away from the speech and picks up a lot of ambient noise. 

Too much echo recording from Flap Flap

This fragment was recorded in a large room with many windows. You notice that there is an echo and that you can 'hear' the room.

Setting up the device

Place the device (telephone or recording device) on a non-concave surface, for example on a table. If you have a tripod, it can help with flaws in the shot.

Content

The podcast recording is approximately 5 minutes, with a maximum of 10 minutes.

Keep in mind that not everyone has the same frame of reference. Accept the challenge of describing a work of art as completely as possible.

What do you feel, smell, taste, thinking about your chosen work of art?

Write down what you want to say, this will save you time while editing.

 

While:

 

Record

Make sure everything is ready and you can sit comfortably. Try not to move too much while recording, this will prevent unwanted noises on the recording.

A sound recording device will pick up more than your ears. This means that on the recording you will hear things that you didn't notice at first. That is why it is important to make a test recording.

How is the sound quality? Is there too much background noise? Is there an ultrasound? Should the device be closer or further away?

When you are satisfied with the sound quality you can start recording.

Put on headphones and pay close attention to the factors that can affect the recording while recording the “work of art”. This allows you to hear the errors in real time and adjust the tools where necessary.

 

Afterwards:

Editing

Try to record the shot as perfectly as possible so that you have to edit less.

Listen to the entire recording and write down which parts need to be changed or cut out.

You can use free programs to edit, such as Garage Band which is standard on a Macbook.

When you hear a lot of “uhms”, you can cut it out. If an “s” is very loud, you can make it lower by adjusting the volume. A “pop sound” is difficult to adjust. If you hear this, it is advisable to make a new recording. Play around with the recording and try some things out.

Some parts of different recordings will sound better. You can glue these parts together. Make sure the story is accurate, the volume is constant and the transitions are smooth.