Calendula flowers have a huge history behind them. They have been used by many different civilizations for centuries. Romans and Greeks used calendula in many rituals and ceremonies, sometimes wearing crowns or garlands made from the flowers. One of Calendula's nicknames is Mary's Gold, referring to the flowers' use in early Catholic events in some countries. Calendula flowers are still considered to be sacred flowers in India and have been used to decorate the statues of Hindu deities since early times. Apart from this the flower historically know as an antiseptic and healing agent. It inhibits inflammation, promotes formation of granulation tissue in wounds. The young shoots and leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. The leaves are very rich in vitamins and minerals, they are similar to Taraxacum officinale (Dandelion) in nutritional value.
It is in flower from June to November, and the seeds ripen from August to November.