This year Spinoza is the theme of Kocaeli University's annual international philosophy conference. Amsterdam major Van der Laan will speak during the conference (May 21 - 23) on Spinoza's contribution to the development of Amsterdam. The project is a gift from Amsterdam to Kocaeli.
Baruch Spinoza was a Dutch philosopher of Jewish descent who lived in Amsterdam in the 17th century. He was banished from the Jewish community as a result of his radical philosophy and moved away from Amsterdam. His famous work Ethica, published post-mortem, contains some of his most controversial ideas about God and the nature of the human spirit.